CFED Assets & Opportunity Scorecard
Employers increasingly demand workers with training and education beyond a high school degree. Vocational and postsecondary education and training can also lead to substantial earnings increases. Under the federal Workforce Investment Act (WIA), states provide an array of employment and job training services through local “one-stop” centers.
One-stops offer three types of sequential services: Core, Intensive and Training. Core services, such as job search and career counseling, are available to all adults. If an individual cannot find a job through Core services, they can access Intensive services, which include more comprehensive assessments and individual training plans. Training services, such as occupational skills and job readiness training directly linked to job opportunities in the local community, are usually limited to those who have not been successful finding employment after receiving Intensive services. Because the cost to deliver Training services is greater than to deliver Intensive or Core services, states often limit the number of people who can access training services. Yet, training is often necessary to meet employer demand and allow workers to find quality jobs.
WIA gives state Workforce Investment Boards broad discretion in directing funding to Core, Intensive or Training services, and in establishing the eligibility requirements to move through the sequence of services. Nationally, the median percentage of WIA participants, known as “exiters,” who received Training services is 53%. States can prioritize Training services in funding allocations and make it easy for individuals to move quickly through the sequence of services.
Strength of State Policies: Workforce Development
|Does state allocate adequate|
WIA funding for workforce training? 1
|Adult WIA "exiters"|
who received training (%)
|District of Columbia||48.6%|
How States Are Assessed
States receive credit for allocating adequate Workforce Investment Act (WIA) funding for workforce training if 53%, the national median, or more of WIA participants received some sort of workforce training.
What States Have Done
Over half of states have recognized the importance of funding workforce training programs. In 26 states, 53% or more of WIA participants received workforce training.