CFED Scorecard

CFED Assets & Opportunity Scorecard

Education
Disconnected Youth
Definition

Percentage of population aged 16-24 who are neither in school nor employed, 2014.

Description

Though high school graduation rates have been trending upward in recent years, as has employment, a significant number of young Americans are being left behind. This indicator measures the number of young adults, aged 16 to 24, neither enrolled in school nor employed.

Education is among the primary assets that contribute to long-term financial security, through its effect on lifetime earnings. Additionally, recent research by the Federal Reserve suggests that job permanence is also directly correlated with level of education. Young adults who are out of work and out of school are put at a significant, and nearly insurmountable, disadvantage. For more information on disconnected youth, visit Opportunity Nation.

To see the data disaggregated by race and ethnicity, click on the Data by Race tab below.

13.8% of young adults, aged 16-24, in United States are neither in school nor employed

Disconnected Youth, 2014

StatePercent of Disconnected Youth (%)Rank
United States 13.8%
Alabama 17.1% 48
Alaska 17.2% 50
Arizona 15.2% 42
Arkansas 14.9% 40
California 13.5% 32
Colorado 11.4% 15
Connecticut 10.2% 9
Delaware 11.5% 16
District of Columbia 13.9% 33
Florida 14.1% 36
Georgia 15.6% 45
Hawaii 14.0% 35
Idaho 14.0% 34
Illinois 12.5% 24
Indiana 12.7% 25
Iowa 9.3% 8
Kansas 12.2% 19
Kentucky 15.5% 44
Louisiana 17.1% 49
Maine 10.3% 10
Maryland 12.9% 27
Massachusetts 8.4% 2
Michigan 13.4% 30
Minnesota 8.3% 1
Mississippi 17.6% 51
Missouri 11.9% 17
Montana 12.5% 23
Nebraska 9.0% 4
Nevada 14.5% 38
New Hampshire 8.6% 3
New Jersey 11.4% 14
New Mexico 15.0% 41
New York 13.3% 29
North Carolina 13.4% 31
North Dakota 9.2% 7
Ohio 12.4% 22
Oklahoma 15.4% 43
Oregon 12.8% 26
Pennsylvania 12.3% 21
Rhode Island 11.9% 18
South Carolina 14.6% 39
South Dakota 10.6% 12
Tennessee 16.1% 47
Texas 14.2% 37
Utah 12.2% 20
Vermont 9.1% 5
Virginia 10.7% 13
Washington 13.1% 28
West Virginia 15.8% 46
Wisconsin 10.5% 11
Wyoming 9.1% 6

Disconnected Youth, by Race and Ethnicity

Disconnected Youth (%)
StateWhitePeople of ColorBlackAsianNative AmericanHispanic
United States 10.8% 17.0% 20.6% 7.4% 26.3% 15.2%
Alabama 14.6% 21.3% 22.4% 5.0% 31.1% 16.3%
Alaska 9.5% 30.6% 32.4% 14.6% 32.0% 3.9%
Arizona 11.5% 20.1% 19.7% 7.3% 33.7% 17.4%
Arkansas 13.5% 19.5% 18.0% 9.0% 30.0% 12.0%
California 12.0% 12.3% 21.7% 7.1% 26.9% 14.9%
Colorado 10.0% 13.0% 17.3% 9.8% 27.7% 14.2%
Connecticut 7.2% 14.2% 20.5% 3.6% 16.0%
Delaware 8.7% 14.2% 16.2% 6.6% 42.6% 16.8%
District of Columbia 1.2% 22.5% 25.6% 11.5%
Florida 12.1% 17.4% 19.2% 7.4% 6.7% 14.3%
Georgia 13.1% 19.3% 20.9% 6.7% 5.3% 12.6%
Hawaii 17.3% 12.1% 3.2% 7.0% 18.2%
Idaho 13.1% 12.7% 9.7% 24.0% 16.9% 18.8%
Illinois 8.3% 22.1% 28.1% 6.4% 12.0%
Indiana 11.3% 18.1% 23.2% 4.9% 24.1% 15.3%
Iowa 8.3% 13.2% 20.6% 7.4% 19.1% 16.1%
Kansas 10.4% 15.2% 19.1% 10.8% 14.9% 17.9%
Kentucky 14.8% 21.0% 21.2% 25.3% 7.3% 9.9%
Louisiana 13.2% 22.2% 23.5% 5.5% 15.1% 16.0%
Maine 9.5% 20.4% 38.2% 5.2% 3.4% 3.7%
Maryland 9.2% 16.9% 19.6% 5.2% 22.9% 13.5%
Massachusetts 6.5% 10.2% 12.8% 6.2% 26.8% 15.0%
Michigan 10.5% 21.5% 25.2% 10.4% 27.5% 14.4%
Minnesota 6.4% 12.8% 14.4% 8.2% 23.2% 17.4%
Mississippi 13.6% 20.5% 21.1% 18.2% 34.6%
Missouri 10.3% 17.9% 21.2% 4.0% 10.6% 10.1%
Montana 10.2% 24.3% 6.8% 36.0% 15.3%
Nebraska 7.4% 14.9% 12.4% 17.6% 29.3% 12.9%
Nevada 14.0% 15.0% 21.6% 7.0% 32.4% 14.6%
New Hampshire 8.7% 7.1% 11.2% 1.2% 7.6%
New Jersey 8.4% 14.4% 20.2% 4.4% 63.0% 14.3%
New Mexico 12.6% 24.5% 37.3% 3.3% 28.9% 13.2%
New York 9.7% 16.4% 20.0% 10.3% 9.9% 17.8%
North Carolina 11.1% 17.8% 18.4% 8.0% 27.7% 13.5%
North Dakota 8.4% 15.5% 6.2% 25.9% 6.7%
Ohio 10.8% 18.6% 21.6% 6.9% 10.8% 12.0%
Oklahoma 14.4% 17.6% 14.1% 6.1% 20.3% 15.5%
Oregon 12.9% 9.6% 20.0% 8.5% 16.7% 14.6%
Pennsylvania 9.2% 19.8% 23.7% 9.3% 44.5% 20.5%
Rhode Island 10.3% 9.5% 15.0% 4.0% 19.4%
South Carolina 11.0% 20.5% 21.8% 5.5% 29.3% 13.4%
South Dakota 6.5% 25.8% 10.3% 33.0% 11.8%
Tennessee 14.1% 21.7% 23.5% 3.3% 16.1% 15.6%
Texas 11.5% 14.0% 15.9% 7.4% 19.9% 16.4%
Utah 11.4% 16.9% 16.2% 8.2% 43.2% 13.2%
Vermont 9.5% 2.5% 4.6% 2.2% 8.9%
Virginia 9.3% 13.8% 16.7% 5.6% 17.4% 8.9%
Washington 12.9% 12.7% 17.9% 6.0% 28.4% 14.0%
West Virginia 15.7% 14.4% 16.9% 1.4% 28.8%
Wisconsin 8.2% 19.0% 24.9% 12.5% 18.2% 15.3%
Wyoming 8.1% 14.1% 30.4% 35.2% 11.7%

"" indicates that no data is available.

Estimates for White young adults are generated for the White, non-Hispanic population. Likewise, estimates for Hispanic young adults include all young adults of Hispanic or Latino origin, regardless of race.

Change in Disconnected Youth

Disconnected Youth (%)
State20102011201220132014
United States 14.7% 14.6% 14.1% 13.8% 13.8%
Alabama 17.3% 17.2% 16.2% 17.9% 17.1%
Alaska 15.4% 15.9% 16.9% 14.2% 17.2%
Arizona 19.0% 17.6% 17.0% 17.3% 15.2%
Arkansas 17.8% 17.0% 18.9% 16.6% 14.9%
California 14.9% 15.2% 14.7% 13.8% 13.5%
Colorado 12.8% 12.9% 11.8% 11.5% 11.4%
Connecticut 11.5% 12.3% 11.0% 10.6% 10.2%
Delaware 14.0% 13.5% 12.6% 15.4% 11.5%
District of Columbia 17.1% 14.0% 17.0% 18.3% 13.9%
Florida 16.5% 16.0% 15.8% 15.3% 14.1%
Georgia 18.4% 17.8% 17.8% 16.5% 15.6%
Hawaii 15.7% 12.7% 14.1% 11.5% 14.0%
Idaho 13.6% 16.3% 13.1% 14.9% 14.0%
Illinois 13.1% 13.8% 13.1% 12.9% 12.5%
Indiana 13.8% 14.6% 13.4% 13.4% 12.7%
Iowa 9.4% 9.5% 8.9% 8.8% 9.3%
Kansas 9.8% 12.1% 10.4% 9.4% 12.2%
Kentucky 18.1% 15.9% 17.1% 15.2% 15.5%
Louisiana 19.7% 18.0% 17.4% 19.8% 17.1%
Maine 11.8% 13.4% 11.9% 9.8% 10.3%
Maryland 13.0% 13.4% 12.9% 11.8% 12.9%
Massachusetts 9.9% 9.6% 9.3% 9.8% 8.4%
Michigan 15.2% 15.4% 14.2% 13.7% 13.4%
Minnesota 9.2% 9.3% 9.0% 8.9% 8.3%
Mississippi 20.7% 19.7% 19.4% 18.5% 17.6%
Missouri 14.5% 14.2% 12.6% 12.9% 11.9%
Montana 13.8% 13.9% 14.8% 12.9% 12.5%
Nebraska 10.0% 9.0% 7.9% 7.6% 9.0%
Nevada 20.0% 17.2% 17.0% 18.5% 14.5%
New Hampshire 10.5% 10.1% 10.7% 10.1% 8.6%
New Jersey 13.0% 13.3% 12.5% 12.1% 11.4%
New Mexico 17.5% 17.1% 18.9% 16.9% 15.0%
New York 14.8% 14.4% 13.6% 13.8% 13.3%
North Carolina 15.4% 16.2% 15.3% 14.7% 13.4%
North Dakota 7.3% 10.0% 8.2% 7.9% 9.2%
Ohio 14.6% 13.0% 13.6% 12.3% 12.4%
Oklahoma 13.8% 16.0% 15.3% 15.9% 15.4%
Oregon 15.2% 15.5% 14.9% 14.8% 12.8%
Pennsylvania 12.2% 13.0% 13.0% 13.3% 12.3%
Rhode Island 10.6% 11.8% 10.8% 12.4% 11.9%
South Carolina 16.2% 17.8% 17.0% 15.2% 14.6%
South Dakota 13.5% 9.0% 9.0% 9.4% 10.6%
Tennessee 17.6% 17.5% 16.1% 16.6% 16.1%
Texas 15.5% 15.1% 14.8% 14.9% 14.2%
Utah 13.5% 11.9% 11.6% 11.2% 12.2%
Vermont 9.2% 8.6% 9.8% 8.9% 9.1%
Virginia 12.6% 12.2% 11.9% 12.5% 10.7%
Washington 15.4% 14.8% 14.2% 14.1% 13.1%
West Virginia 18.8% 19.6% 13.7% 19.4% 15.8%
Wisconsin 11.2% 11.6% 10.4% 9.8% 10.5%
Wyoming 12.9% 12.7% 10.4% 11.8% 9.1%

Definition

Percentage of population aged 16-24 who are neither in school nor employed, 2014.

Source

2014 American Community Survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 2015. Data calculated by CFED using Public Use Microdata Sample files.

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